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USA-forskare larmar om hälsofarlig mikrosvamp i GM-gröda

2011 06 06
huber

Professor Don Huber

En ny mikroorganism som vållar missfall och sterilitet hos djur, har upptäckts i två GM-grödor, ”Roundup Ready Soy” och ”Roundup Ready Corn”. Båda är genmodifierade för att tåla Monsantos växtgift ”Roundup” (glyfosat).  Eftersom den finns i två olika RoundupReady(RR)  grödor, misstänker man att det finns något i RR-genmodifieringen eller i växtgiftet RoundUp som befrämjat uppkomsten av denna mikroorganism.

Det är en helt ny typ av microorgansim av samma storleksordning som ett virus, men ser ut som en mikrosvamp. Dess förekomst är massiv i RR-grödorna och den har påvisats i fermenterat djurfoder, svinmagar och livmoderkakor hos svin och ko. Man håller det inte för uteslutet i detta läge att det kan infektera människor.

Professor Emeritus Don M. Huber , Purdue University, som gjorde upptäckten, har gjort en ingående och omfattande utredning om denna mikroorganism. Detta har lett honom till slutsatsen att den är en ”National Emergency” – en fara på nationell nivå.

Huber föreslog i ett brev till amerikanska jordbruksminidern Vilsack  i januari 2011 (se bilaga sist på denna sida) att  plantering av alla RR-grödor stoppas tills man utrett hur farlig denna mikroorganism är.  Citat:

På grund av den höga halten av dena nya djurpatogen iRoundup Ready grödorna och dess samband med växt-och djursjukdomar som håller på att anta epidemiska proportioner, ber vi USDA medverka i en multi-myndighets undersökning, och att införa ett omedelbart moratorium för avreglering av RR grödor tills det orsakssambandet mellan glyfosat och / eller RR-grödor kunnat uteslutas som ett hot mot grödor  djurprodukter och människors hälsa.

Källa: http://www.gmfreecymru.org/pivotal_papers/roundup_ready_crops.html


Kommentar

Risken för uppkomsten av nya bakterier och virusar genom GMO har förutsagts av flera forskare och detta kan visa sig vara det första man upptäckt. Redan 1999 varnade vi för detta och andra oförutsedda risker på grund av att kunskapen om DNA och därmed om effekterna av genmanipulation är ytterst bristfällig, se ”Is there sufficient scientific knowledge to ensure safe commercial exploitation of genetically engineered foods?”. Vi är ytterst bekymrade att man, trots detta, och att trots att GM-grödorna inte bevisats ha väsentliga fördelar, snarare tvärtom (se GM failures continue),  släppt ut GMO i stora mängder i naturen.

USA:s jordbruksminister har ännu inte hörsammat varningen utan man tycks ha lagt locket på. Det är ett välkänt faktum att amerikanska jordbruksdepartementet är starkt partiskt till förmån för GMO och till och med har egna GMO-patent.

Svenska jordbruksdepartementet är förhoppningsvis klokare. Det är dock problematiskt att Sveriges Lantbruks Universitet, SLU, har en stark slagsida till förmån för genteknik med företrädare som bedrivit en oförblommerad och förljuden propaganda för detta, se tex Missvisande påståenden av genteknikförespråkare och Märkning av GMO kan rädda liv.


BILAGA

Professor Hubers brev till USAs jordbruksminister (ministrarna i USA kallas ”secretary”)

January 2011

Dear Secretary Vilsack:

A team of senior plant and animal scientists have recently brought to my attention the discovery of an electron microscopic pathogen that appears to significantly impact the health of plants, animals, and probably human beings. Based on a review of the data, it is widespread, very serious, and is in much higher concentrations in Roundup Ready (RR) soybeans and corn—suggesting a link with the RR gene or more likely the presence of Roundup. This organism appears NEW to science!

This is highly sensitive information that could result in a collapse of US soy and corn export markets and significant disruption of domestic food and feed supplies. On the other hand, this new organism may already be responsible for significant harm (see below). My colleagues and I are therefore moving our investigation forward with speed and discretion, and seek assistance from the USDA and other entities to identify the pathogen’s source, prevalence, implications, and remedies.

We are informing the USDA of our findings at this early stage, specifically due to your pending decision regarding approval of RR alfalfa. Naturally, if either the RR gene or Roundup itself is a promoter or co-factor of this pathogen, then such approval could be a calamity. Based on the current evidence, the only reasonable action at this time would be to delay deregulation at least until sufficient data has exonerated the RR system, if it does.

For the past 40 years, I have been a scientist in the professional and military agencies that evaluate and prepare for natural and manmade biological threats, including germ warfare and disease outbreaks. Based on this experience, I believe the threat we are facing from this pathogen is unique and of a high risk status. In layman’s terms, it should be treated as an emergency.

A diverse set of researchers working on this problem have contributed various pieces of the puzzle, which together presents the following disturbing scenario:

Unique Physical Properties

This previously unknown organism is only visible under an electron microscope (36,000X), with an approximate size range equal to a medium size virus. It is able to reproduce and appears to be a micro-fungal- like organism. If so, it would be the first such micro-fungus ever identified. There is strong evidence that this infectious agent promotes diseases of both plants and mammals, which is very rare.

Pathogen Location and Concentration

It is found in high concentrations in Roundup Ready soybean meal and corn, distillers meal, fermentation feed products, pig stomach contents, and pig and cattle placentas.

Linked with Outbreaks of Plant Disease

The organism is prolific in plants infected with two pervasive diseases that are driving down yields and farmer income—sudden death syndrome (SDS) in soy, and Goss’ wilt in corn. The pathogen is also found in the fungal causative agent of SDS (Fusarium solani fsp glycines).

Implicated in Animal Reproductive Failure

Laboratory tests have confirmed the presence of this organism in a wide variety of livestock that have experienced spontaneous abortions and infertility. Preliminary results from ongoing research have also been able to reproduce abortions in a clinical setting.

The pathogen may explain the escalating frequency of infertility and spontaneous abortions over the past few years in US cattle, dairy, swine, and horse operations. These include recent reports of infertility rates in dairy heifers of over 20%, and spontaneous abortions in cattle as high as 45%.

For example, 450 of 1,000 pregnant heifers fed wheatlege experienced spontaneous abortions. Over the same period, another 1,000 heifers from the same herd that were raised on hay had no abortions. High concentrations of the pathogen were confirmed on the wheatlege, which likely had been under weed management using glyphosate.

Recommendations

In summary, because of the high titer of this new animal pathogen in Roundup Ready crops, and its association with plant and animal diseases that are reaching epidemic proportions, we request USDA’s participation in a multi-agency investigation, and an immediate moratorium on the deregulation of RR crops until the causal/ predisposing relationship with glyphosate and/or RR plants can be ruled out as a threat to crop and animal production and human health.

It is urgent to examine whether the side-effects of glyphosate use may have facilitated the growth of this pathogen, or allowed it to cause greater harm to weakened plant and animal hosts. It is well-documented that glyphosate promotes soil pathogens and is already implicated with the increase of more than 40 plant diseases; it dismantles plant defenses by chelating vital nutrients; and it reduces the bioavailability of nutrients in feed, which in turn can cause animal disorders. To properly evaluate these factors, we request access to the relevant USDA data.

I have studied plant pathogens for more than 50 years. We are now seeing an unprecedented trend of increasing plant and animal diseases and disorders. This pathogen may be instrumental to understanding and solving this problem. It deserves immediate attention with significant resources to avoid a general collapse of our critical agricultural infrastructure.

Sincerely,

COL (Ret.) Don M. Huber Emeritus Professor, Purdue University APS Coordinator, USDA National Plant Disease Recovery System (NPDRS)

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